Wisconsin Wrongful Death Laws

Wrongful death in Wisconsin is dealt with under the state’s wrongful death statute, Wisconsin Statute §895.04.   The statute provides that an action for wrongful death may be brought by the personal representative of the deceased person or by the person to whom the amount recovered belongs[i].  If the deceased leaves surviving a spouse, and minor children under 18 years of age with whose support the deceased was legally charged, the court before whom the action is pending, or if no action is pending, any court of record, in recognition of the duty and responsibility of a parent to support minor children, shall determine the amount, if any, to be set aside for the protection of such children after considering factors such as:

  • the age of such children,
  • the amount involved,
  • the capacity and integrity of the surviving spouse, and
  • any other facts or information it may have or receive.

Such amount may be impressed by creation of an appropriate lien in favor of such children or otherwise protected as circumstances may warrant.  However, such amount shall not be in excess of 50% of the net amount received after deduction of costs of collection[ii].  If there are no surviving minor children, the amount recovered shall belong and be paid to the spouse of the deceased.  If no spouse survives, the amount recovered shall belong and be paid to the deceased’s lineal heirs as determined by s. 852.01.  If no lineal heirs survive, the amount recovered shall belong and be paid to the deceased’s brothers and sisters.  If any such relative dies before judgment in the action, the relative next in order shall be entitled to recover for the wrongful death.  Moreover, a surviving nonresident alien spouse and minor children shall be entitled to the benefits of this section.  If the amount allocated to any child under this subsection is less than $10,000, s. 807.10 may be applied.  Unless approved by a court of record authorized to act hereunder, every settlement in wrongful death cases in which the deceased leaves minor children under 18 years of age shall be void[iii].

If separate actions are brought for the same wrongful death, they shall be consolidated on motion of any party.  No action shall be permitted to proceed except that of the personal representative, unless such consolidation is so effected that a single judgment may be entered protecting all defendants and so that satisfaction of such judgment shall extinguish all liability for the wrongful death.  Judgment for damages for pecuniary injury from wrongful death may be awarded to any person entitled to bring a wrongful death action.  Additional damages not to exceed $500,000 per occurrence in the case of a deceased minor, or $350,000 per occurrence in the case of a deceased adult, for loss of society and companionship may be awarded to the spouse, children or parents of the deceased, or to the siblings of the deceased, if the siblings were minors at the time of the death[iv].

If the personal representative brings the action, the personal representative may also recover the reasonable cost of medical expenses and funeral expenses.  If a relative brings the action, the relative may recover such medical expenses and funeral expenses on behalf of himself or herself or of any person who has paid or assumed liability for such expenses.  Where the wrongful death of a person creates a cause of action in favor of the decedent’s estate and also a cause of action in favor of a spouse or relatives as provided in this section, such spouse or relatives may waive and satisfy the estate’s cause of action in connection with or as part of a settlement and discharge of the cause of action of the spouse or relatives.  Damages found by a jury in excess of the maximum amount specified in sub. (4) shall be reduced by the court to such maximum.  The aggregate of the damages covered by subs. (4) and (5) shall be diminished under s. 895.045, if the deceased or person entitled to recover is found negligent[v].

 

[i] Wis. Stat. § 895.04

[ii] Id.

[iii] Id.

[iv] Id.

[v] Id.


Inside Wisconsin Wrongful Death Laws